Photo: J.L.Urrea-(CCAFS)

Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) needs to be mainstreamed into core government programmes with appropriate priority given to public support of CSA. This process should be developed consistently with ongoing national climate-resilient long term visions, such as the National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs), National Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) National Communications. In order to develop suitable policies, strategies and actions to enhance CSA adoption, it is critical to understand the challenges and barriers to adoption of CSA practices, including the cost – benefit analysis, private and public benefits, institutional and financial opportunities and barriers and lack of access to inputs or markets.