Photo: Olive-Thiong’o-(CCAFS)

Farming communities in Africa are growing more fragile as climate change and increasingly volatile weather are reducing agricultural productivity. There is an urgent need for strategies to build resilience for African farmers to adapt to these changing conditions. Building resilience involves increasing the ability of a system (social and ecological) to withstand shocks and surprises and to revitalize itself if damaged. Some natural and social systems have a natural ability to bounce back from adverse circumstances, whereas others have to learn how to become resilient. This theme focuses on elements of research, policies, networks and institutions which support the process of building resilience in both social and ecological systems in different African countries.