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Why climate-smart agriculture is crucial to Africa

Posted by , posted on Wednesday July 18 2018(6 months ago)

This post was originally published on SciDevNet Sub-Saharan Africa.

Written by Eldon Opiyo




[NAIROBI] Agriculture is a risky business in Africa due to dangers such as uncertain weather and poor rural infrastructure but a new detailed guide on the status of and opportunities for climate smart agriculture (CSA) could offer farmers the much needed break.The detailed guide for CSA that cover 14 African countries is aimed at guiding future investments and reduction of risks in implementing the approach.
According to the FAO, CSA is an approach that helps boost agricultural systems to effectively support development and ensure food security in the midst of climate change.
The guide launched in Kenya last month (16 May) by scientists from the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) at the African Climate-Smart Agriculture Summit gives a comprehensive understanding of CSA, including country institutional, policy and financial environments for the adoption of the practices.

“The CSA country profiles inform governments, development partners, civil society and the private sector on key climate risks in agriculture.”

Sebastian Grey, CIAT

“While there is high-level support for CSA, the adoption of CSA remains low, largely due to the lack of knowledge on CSA practices and the often high upfront economic capital costs, among other barriers,” says Sebastian Grey, a climate change scientist at the CIAT.
Grey adds that the CSA profile concept was designed to guide a US$250 million-sponsored World Bank CSA project but the development of the guides for African countries began in 2016. Profiles have since been produced for Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
The CSA country profiles give an overview of the agricultural context and challenges in each country through a CSA lens, and provide a snapshot of the key issues, challenges, constraints, opportunities and enabling factors for scaling up the adoption of climate-smart agricultural practices along specific value chains, he explains.
This riskiness in agriculture leads to finance and insurance often being unavailable or only available at high double-digit lending rates and extremely high insurance premiums.
“The CSA country profiles inform governments, development partners, civil society and the private sector on key climate risks in agriculture and which CSA practices have greatest potential to reduce these risks in specific locations,” Grey tells SciDev.Net, adding that the guides highlight the barriers and opportunities for where investments could best be made with greatest returns in terms of the three CSA pillars: increasing productivity, improving resilience and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
The profiles, according to Grey, provide key information needed to de-risk agricultural investments, helping to make agriculture resilient to climate change.
“De-risking is critical for unlocking agricultural finance by allowing investors, project developers and governments to reduce the possibilities of negative or unsatisfactory outcomes,” he explains.
According to Chris A. Shisanya, an expert in climatology and integrated watershed management tells SciDev.Net that these guides are timely and provide the much needed evidence for guiding investors interested in CSA.
Much as business is about taking risks, the guidelines provide a framework within which the investors in climate smart agriculture could minimise these risks, Shisanya adds.
“CSA is neither a prescribed system or practice nor a specific technology that can be universally applied,” explains Shisanya, who is a professor and dean, School of Humanities at Social Sciences at Kenya’s Kenyatta University. “Rather, it is an approach that necessitates context-specific assessments of social, economic and ecological conditions in order to identify appropriate farming technologies and practices.”
Shisanya tells SciDev.Net that governments could play a key role in enabling scaling up of CSA in Sub-Saharan Africa.
“The successful adoption and scaling up of CSA practices require a good understanding of the political, socio-economic and agro-ecological contexts,” he adds.

This piece was produced by SciDev.Net’s Sub-Saharan Africa English desk.

One Response to “Why climate-smart agriculture is crucial to Africa”

  1. Gisemba4CSA

    Indeed Climate Smart Agriculture holds key to food security in Africa. While much attention has been put in addressing food production in arid and semi arid lands (ASAL) little has been given to high potential areas that have been the food basket in many countries in Africa, Kenya in particular. One area that has been neglected is sustainable land management to address climate change. Water scarcity during the dry season is as a result of reduced infiltration and increased runoff brought about by unsustainable land management practices. Soil compaction and reduced ground cover lead to increased runoff, soil erosion and reduced ground recharge. The average ground water table has been going down over the years and communities in high potential areas that have depended on shallow wells for domestic water have found it difficult to access this commodity especially during the dry spells. This has led to social conflicts in water collection points (Protected springs) and wastage of time by women and the girl child in collecting this precious commodity.
    One of the starting points in addressing the receding water table is to reduce runoff from farms and paths/roads. This can be achieved through dissemination of available technologies to address the issues at hand and the expected benefits that can accrue from them. Governments and NGOs can take up the initiative to sensitize communities on the importance of sustainable land management practices for sustainable development. The sooner we act, the better for Africa.

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