Background Botswana is one of the southern African countries characterised as an arid, with only 6% of the total land area naturally suitable for agriculture. The country is therefore known for its fragile ecological environment, more than 50% of its population is dependent on rain-fed agriculture for their livelihoods with women and children dominating. Agricultural… Read more »


Evidence of impact: Climate-smart agriculture in Africa

Africa’s climate is changing. Across the continent rainfall patterns are set to alter. In many areas droughts will become more frequent, more intense, and last longer. In others, new patterns of rainfall will cause flooding and soil erosion. Climate change is emerging as one of the major threats to development across the
At the same time, Africa’s population continues to grow. Annual growth is estimated at 2.4% and the population is predicted to double from its current 0.9 billion people by 2050. According to the Food
and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), more than a quarter of sub-Saharan Africa’s people are currently undernourished. Crop production
will need to increase by 260% by 2050 to feed the continent’s projected population growth.
Africa’s agriculture must undergo a significant transformation to meet the simultaneous challenges of climate change, food insecurity, poverty and environmental degradation.

Climate-smart agriculture includes practices and technologies that sustainably increase productivity, support farmers’ adaptation to climate change, and reduce levels of greenhouse gases.
It can also help governments to achieve national food security and poverty reduction goals. Climate-smart approaches can include many diverse components from farm-level techniques
to international policy and finance mechanisms.

Many innovative climate-smart agriculture practices take place in Africa with the capacity to increase productivity and build resilience. Yet they remain largely unknown at the continental,
or even regional, levels. This book highlights just some of the array of climate-smart agriculture practices that exist across Africa’s diverse farming systems and climatic conditions. These strategies
and practices can provide the impetus and the models for transforming Africa’s agriculture.

T. Muchaba

Photo T. Muchaba

A Climate – Smart Agriculture Alliance for Africa

African countries are moving forward with the advancement of Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA). During a Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 40) pre meeting held on 30th May in Bonn, Germany, delegates from 25 African countries engaged in a dialogue on a shared vision  and a mechanism for coordinating country efforts for CSA.  Additionally,… Read more »