For 75% of Africans, groundwater is the main source – and sometimes the only source – of drinking water. It also has the potential to lift millions of smallholder farmers out of poverty by enabling them to develop irrigation systems that do not depend on unpredictable rainfall. As such, it is expected to play an increasingly important role in development.
But groundwater doesn’t follow national borders: if one country over-pumps, it can negatively affect its neighbor, who also depends on that water source. While river basin organizations have progressed in managing surface water (e.g., rivers, lakes) shared across national borders, groundwater is all too often forgotten, especially in Central and West Africa. A new training manual is trying to change this.
The manual Integration of Groundwater Management into Transboundary Basin Organizations in Africa is unique because, for the first time, river basin organizations were directly involved in helping assess their own needs and in developing training materials. It focuses on integrating sustainable groundwater management into international policy, improving the technical skills of water managers engaged in national and transboundary water management and strengthening communication and stakeholder relations across sectors.
Read the full publication: http://www.agw-net.org/literature.htm
Further resources: Transboundary aquifer mapping and management in Africa