TANZANIA CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE PROGRAM 2015 – 2025

Tanzania

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Published on: 2015-06

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Synopsis

Background
Agriculture is a key sector of Tanzania’s economy, as it provides livelihood to over 80 percent of the population,
generates about 24.1 percent of GDP, contributes 30 percent of export earnings and employs 75 percent of the total
labor force (URT, 2013). Crops, livestock, fisheries and forest resources are key subsectors contributing to agriculture
GDP. The agriculture sector has direct impact on the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and
the emerging sustainable development goals (SDGs), including poverty reduction. Tanzania is endowed with 44 million
hectares (46 percent of total land) suitable for agriculture. Currently, only 32 percent of the available arable land
is cultivated. Smallholder farmers dominate the agricultural sector, carrying out rain-fed agriculture, producing food
and cash crops, livestock, fishery and forest produce. However, the potential for irrigated agriculture is high, with the
area suitable for irrigation of about 29.4 million ha of which only 1.5 percent ha of it is currently under irrigation. On
the other hand, peri -urban agriculture (mainly horticultural crops) for household food consumption is also increasing.