In June 2014, participatory workshops and field visits were conducted by the CIAT-DAPA and CIAT-Soils Research Area teams in the CCAFS Climate Smart Village of Lushoto, Tanzania in the West Usambara Mountains to identify locally appropriate climate smart practices and potential barriers to adopt them.
Two stakeholder workshops were conducted; farmers’ workshop and national and local expert workshop. The key objectives for workshops included identifying the different agroecological zones around Lushoto CCAFS villages and their characteristics; assimilating information, opinions, and or concerns regarding CSA practices from farmers and experts; developing a prioritized list of CSA practices and or packages for each agroecological zone; and identifying current and past demonstration plots of different sustainable land management (SLM), CSA, or other agricultural practices in the region.
In addition to the workshops, researchers visited several farms and demonstration sites to better understand farming systems and practices used by farmers. Field visits were carried out in the 10 x 10km block that comprises the CCAFS sites: Massange, Kwang’wenda, Mbuzii, Boheloi, GARE, Yamba and Milungi. Farmers identified four agroecological zones in this 10 x 10km block. These zones are at different altitudes, with different micro-climates, different crops under production, varying soil quality, diverse landscape, etc. Farmers representing their diverse perspectives, concerns and preferences provided CSA practices relevant for different zones. This approach ensures that interventions to expand and accelerate adoption are locally appropriate.