NAMIBIA CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE PROGRAM 2015 – 2025

Namibia

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Published on: 2015-06

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Background
Agriculture in Namibia plays a critical role in the formal and informal economy supporting 70% of the population
directly or indirectly through employment and income generation. The agricultural sector in Namibia contributes
over 10% to the GDP of which 75-80% can be attributed to livestock farming. The livestock industry accounts for 90%
of all agricultural production in Namibia with approximately 60% of households owning cattle, including nearly 40%
of poor households.Namibia suffers from extreme water scarcity, with the only permanently running rivers lying near
to or forming part of the country international boundaries. The lack of readily available freshwater in the interior
of the country remains one of the greatest limiting factors to development. Water scarcity has been compounded
by increased changes in the climate. Historical trends of climate in Namibia reveal that there has been a consistent
increase in daily maximum temperatures, and in some regions of the country may receive extreme rainfall events and
associated flooding. While in other regions climate change has increased aridity due to the combined effect of variable
rainfall and increased evaporation.