KENYA CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE PROGRAM 2015-2030

Kenya

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Published on: 2015-06

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Synopsis

Background
Agriculture (comprising crops, livestock, fisheries, agro forestry and associated services) is the largest
contributor to Kenya’s GDP directly contributing about 25.4% of the Gross Domestic Product and another
27% indirectly via linkages to agro-based industries and the service sector, giving an overall 52%
contribution to Kenya’s GDP (FAO, 2014). The agricultural sector is mainly dominated by smallholder
farmers and contributes a significant impact on Kenya’s food security, income generation, employment
creation and poverty reduction efforts. The sector accounts for over 65% of Kenya’s total exports, and
provides 18% of formal and 60% of total employment respectively. About 33% of manufacturing sector
output is based on agricultural products. The crops, livestock and fisheries subsectors are the main
components of the agricultural sector contributing 77.6%, 19.6% and 2.0% of the Agricultural GDP
respectively with horticulture and industrial crops accounting for 90% of the exports.