Online discussion on Scaling Up Climate Smart Agriculture: Integrating Youth and The Digital Revolution

Posted by , posted on Tuesday September 19 2017(1 year ago)


Scaling Up Climate-Smart Agriculture:  Integrating Youth and The Digital Revolution

September 19 – October 20, 2017


Agriculture is the single largest source of income for rural Africans and contributes to a quarter of the continent’s GDP. The agricultural sector occupies more than 70% of the labor force and contributes to food security and poverty reduction. However, climate change fundamentally and increasingly negatively affects agriculture in Africa. Africa is a youthful continent, and the growing youth population (60 percent of Africans are between 16-24 years of age) doesn’t see agriculture as a profitable opportunity, but rather, regards it as subsistence farming, or a dead end. Climate-smart agriculture is an approach that sustainably increases productivity and resilience, and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. It combines innovative ways of managing land, water, and soil for more efficient production and resilient systems. Although the approach is gaining momentum at the country and international level, documentation of youth engagement in CSA is lacking. This is mainly due to a number of factors including lack of access to productive resources for CSA and lack of enabling policy environment and platforms for youth engagement in CSA. Therefore, there is need to make CSA attractive and accessible to the youth through using innovate technologies such as ICT.


The African Forum for Agricultural Advisory Service (AFAAS) and the South African Society for Agricultural Extension (SASAE) together with Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) will be organising the 3rd AEW conference on the theme of “Scaling up Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA): Integrating Youth, Women and the Digital Revolution”.


The youth have a niche in CSA. As future farmers, they can be involved in designing, implementing and scaling up CSA technologies and practices. This implies that youth need to participate in decisions regarding CSA. In the end, CSA benefits will be more sustainable and provide youth farmers with incentives to adopt climate resilient practices.


The aim of this online discussion which will be led by the Climate Smart Agriculture Youth Network (CSAYN) is to address and tackle emerging issues affecting the youth in CSA such lack of mentorship, training, knowledge management and financing. The online discussion will run from 19th September to 20th October 2017. We encourage discussants to share practical examples or case studies of youths involved in Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) at different levels (community, national and international).


Guiding questions for the discussion;

  • Week 1: Are the youth in Africa interested in CSA? How can we communicate CSA as an opportunity for youth employment?
  • Week 2: What innovative ways can be employed to make CSA more attractive to the youth?
  • Week 3: What is the role of female youth farmers in scaling-up uptake and adoption of CSA technologies and practices?
  • Week 4: How do agricultural extension services assist in encouraging youth to adopt CSA? Do they have an impact?
  • Week 5: What are the most appropriate tools or approaches for youth to monitor CSA practices?

Target group: Agricultural Extension and Advisory (AEAS) providers from public (Ministry of Agriculture officials especially Directors of Extension from the 40 member countries) and private sectors (e.g. agro-financiers, agro-processors), Farmers, fishermen/folks, farmer-based organisations, NGOs, as well as institutions and programmes actively involved in Agricultural and Rural Development.


90 Responses to “Online discussion on Scaling Up Climate Smart Agriculture: Integrating Youth and The Digital Revolution”

  1. ntiokamd

    Dear Colleagues,

    Welcome to the on line discussion and we look forward to your meaningful participation towards scaling up with youth as agents of change.

    • vinceojeh

      Thank you
      This discussion on scaling up CSA integrating Youth and the digital revolution is apt.

    • vinceojeh

      Yes, a lot of African youth are interested in CSA. This is mainly because of the increasing understanding of how agriculture can be carried out as a business instead of what most of our parents practiced. I meet African youths who are ready to take up the different aspects of the agriculture value-chain with ICT driven methods.

      In terms of the communication of CSA as an opportunity for youth employment, firstly, I want to commend the efforts of the AfDB and especially, AfDB president, Dr Adesina for telling his story about the importance of agriculture when done differently. I also commend various international organizations like FAO, CCAFS, World Bank to mention but few on their stand and support on Africa agriculture showing that there is massive support for CSA.
      The youths are becoming more IT savvy so any opportunity that is digitally driven will be of interest but such has to be communicated via ICT means and downscaled to the level of understanding of the youths. There would be need for training, short courses, symposia and seminars on CSA and its inherent opportunities and benefits since most youths will be will to attend and learn if the cost of such meeting/training is not paid by them. This is the starting point.

    • alexandre Duffi

      thank you, to open this discussion in order to share our experiences.

    • Foevarr

      African youths want a better future for themselves, their children and the continent. Therefore, if climate smart agriculture can be communicated to them through the use of social media, orientation programmes and empowerment schemes, they would be encouraged to explore it.

    • Liz

      Youth in Africa example in my country are not intrested in CSA because it requires patience, more land for high crop yields. May this is simply because Agriculture is being introduced to the youths at a later stage. If CSA is introduced to the youths at a very early age they will grow up trusting the process and understanding it better. If Agriculture is introduced at primary level for example with the concept of ‘catching them young’ then it will be easy to communicate CSA as an opotunity for employment.

    • Lamu

      Personally, and from what I have seen in my community here in Kenya, the youth are yet to take up CSA large scale.
      The question we need to first ask ourselves is whether the youth have even heard of CSA. If they have, then what exactly have they heard and what are they doing about it. What are the impediments to practicing it.

      My personal observation is that majority of youth are yet to know about CSA. So this presents a great opportunity for us as CSAYN to then develop communication programs that will reach the youth and effectively disseminate information about CSA.
      Information that will give them reasons beyond doubt that CSA is beneficial to them.

      In regard to CSA as an opportunity for youth employment, several aspects need to be looked at concerning the youth. Practical aspects like access to land for agriculture, cultural aspects like whether these youth are even allowed to engage in these practices, financial aspects like whether they can access funds to engage in CSA, social aspects like whether it is “cool” for the youth to engage in agriculture vis-a-vis more seemingly lucrative employment or business opportunities in the cities.
      There are numerous other aspects that need to be looked at and discussed broadly.

      I however believe that with the right dissemination of CSA information, we can create a platform that interests the youth to participate in CSA practices.

    • Amanda

      Quite frankly,I am not sure whether the youth are aware of what Climate Smart Agriculture is about to begin with.
      Efforts need to be made towards sensitizing the youth on CSA then from there, package CSA as an avenue of youth employment.

  2. alexandre Duffi

    are young Africans interested in CSA?
    here is a pertinent question.
    indeed, all young Africans are looking for opportunities that will guarantee them a better future. but very often these do not get satisfaction.
    CSA is thus a considerable contribution for all young people wanting to position themselves in the field of agriculture. such a platform will obviously interest young people. in order to obtain a total adhesion of young people, CSA and these representatives must come into contact with young people, organize trainings, workshops for capacity building and youth retraining in the agricultural sector.
    CSA’s approach is innovative in that it promotes ICT for sustainable agriculture.
    we would like to thank all the institutions and partners who contribute to the promotion of sustainable agriculture in the youth sector.

  3. Nyasimi

    The Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) proposes creation of Regional platforms (or country based platforms) in Africa to increase uptake and adoption of CSA amongst the youth. The CSAYN is a great platform for linking youths from different countries in Africa and other continents who can share experiences and learn from each other. The platforms can also be used to nurture linkages between youth, research institutions, governments and businesses in order to improve access to markets, financial services and innovation, transfer of technology and skills amongst the youths.

  4. Cathy

    In terms of communicating CSA, proponents of the approach need to be very open about the challenges and opportunities which are available to the youth. At the same time, bringing on board the private sector and social impact investors may encourage the youth to develop and eventually scale out and up CSA innovations. The digital revolution presents an opportunity for youth to explore smart options for climate services/ information in the agricultural sector. This can include mobile applications, internet platforms and so on that facilitate information sharing between end users and providers.

  5. PMN

    We know that young people will change the world….the question is, how will they change it? It’s simple, young people are no longer the leaders of tomorrow. They are leaders of today. Young people are burdened by three key challenges in their lives: staying healthy, achieving a sustainable income and participating. The world must learn how to include and engage young people in development and decision making decisions on climate smart agriculture through the use of mobile app technologies in agricultural transformation for African growth.

  6. abu8276

    Yes the Africa youths are ready for CSA.
    CSA will definitely exploit the untold stories of how we can achieve from agriculture. Agriculture is the biggest employer for the youths if taken with utmost importance. The best possible way to communicate CSA to the youths is through done projects in CSA. We need to find documented projects and trainings to the youths. This cannot be achieved merely without support. world bank, organisation like FAO which is are at the forefront in this projects. Most of the youths are connected to the modern technology, we need to use these tools to reach to the youths.

  7. oscar

    effectivement les jeunes sont disponible pour une orientation vers une agriculture productive et durable.le problème de nos jours reste l’accès a l’information sur les nouvelles techniques agricole soutenues par CSA surtout en milieu est donc important de trouver voir former de personnes disponible pour une large sensibilisation sur les pratiques de CSA afin de toucher un grand nombre de jeunes et personnes a mobilité réduite dans nos proposerait la diffusion à travers les radios locale des messages en langue maternelle vue que de nombreux jeunes dans des pays en voie de développement sont sous scolarisés.on pourrait également passer des séance de partage dans des groupe d’initiative commun GIC

  8. AuliaD

    Based on my opinion and some publication of papers, yes Africa youth interested in CSA practices. Moreover a lot of agricultural organization of Africa give support for this area I think. Same with the condition in Africa, in our country Indonesia, agricultural sector as main community bussines for people. The natural resources in Indonesia is very potential for agricultural sector. But this sector still faces obstacles related optimization, quality of human resources, business scale, regeneration and technology support to increase the economic value from agriculture. Facing these challenge, a comprehensive and innovative development is essential to be needed. Young people are still rarely involved in this sector. So it’s need an action plan for youth to take contribution for agricultural sector of Indonesia. We hope CSA approaching can help our young people to implement innovation for sustainable agriculture. In addition, using technology application for agricultural sector is a effective way to engage youth group. IT eta today brings us easily to connect with all region globally. I my self hope we can keep updating each other in addressing CSA best practices as solution for better agriculture. And let’s share our succes stories about CSA.

    • anangkadarsah

      Action plan really is need for youth people but they should study harder from the experience and mentoring from the older ones.

  9. optimistwelli

    I absolutely reckon that Youths in Africa are interest in agriculture in the broader sense. However, on the specific issue of CSA, it is my opinion that, although the interest is evolving, more still needs to be done in the area of CSA advocacy and awareness. For example, in Nigeria, whilst several youths are beginning to embrace agribusiness as a veritable source of income, the potential adverse effects of climate change is changing perception and interest in agriculture. This has opened up new opportunities for some other youths both in form of social enterprises and other agribusiness niche (such as CSA advisory services).

    Indeed, the interest is there and I believe that one of the ways to communicate the seemingly new opportunities in this regard would be to targeting campaigns and advocacy on CSA amongst youth-led agricultural enterprises and/or youth groups. Youths in agriculture must see the salient opportunities that climate change issues may provide and in this case, CSA strategies/techniques that are scalable across regional divides.

  10. Placidius

    Certainly yes, many African youths are interested in involving themselves into CSA.
    Nowadays life is very simplified due to the rise of technology. With a very small area of land, you can farm, plant and harvest many yields due to proper management of farm.

    This is bacause of availability of information and directions on how to grow certain crops, supporing equipments/tools contributes much in producing good results.

    The use of technology such as mobile phone apps is of permount importance as it leads improvement of agriculture. Taking an example whereby having a mobile app that is able to predict weather and inform people to plant certain crops due to the weather, give live markerts, allow buying and selling of products instantly online, linking insurance companies and banks with farmers, linking legal firms with farmers etc..

    With this CSA many stake holders can chip into agriculture easily.

  11. Daoud kone

    les jeunes ne doivent plus voir l’agriculture comme une punition mais plutôt comme un secteur à fort potentiel de productivité.
    il faut donc changer la perception sur l’agriculture qu’on les jeunes et leur présenter les nombreuses opportunités dans ce secteur.
    les décideurs politiques doivent définir des lignes de crédits spéciales pour le développement des activités des entreprises agricoles des jeunes et surtout revoir leurs politiques d’encadrement et de suivi-d’évaluation des politiques.

    • Nche Tala

      My first observation as regards addressing the issue of climate smart agriculture is the lack of awareness in the first place as to what climate smart agriculture actually entails. African youths have grown up since pre-independence till date with a single idea about agriculture. That of clearing down and most often burning down weed and trees on the farms which actually releases large quantities of carbon in to the atmosphere, they also till the soil and plant seeds preserved from previous harvests. Besides the large quantities of carbon released in to the atmosphere, another problem persists which is that of the continues use of seeds which are not adapted to the existing climatic realities consequently making the quest to achieve food security and sustainable agriculture a nightmare in Africa. In parts of Africa as in Cameroons North West region, the soil is gathered to form ridges and burnt (Ankara). The believe here is the burnt portions of the soil (farm) is more fertile. Therefore in order to better ascertain the interest of African youths in climate smart agriculture, there is need for massive education and sensitization campaigns across the continent, clearly spelling out what CSA is, what benefits it brings first to the community and finally to the global climate and 2030 agenda.

  12. ntiokamd

    Dear colleagues,

    On behalf of the organising partners , we deeply appreciate your useful comments and contributions to the Week one question .

    Today, we are launching the questions for Week Two below and loooking forward to reading from you all soon:

    What innovative ways can be employed to make CSA more attractive to the youth?

    Many thanks indeed and together we shall transform African Agriculture as well as feeding Africa and the World as a whole.

    • Liz

      Benefiting from non timber forest product is an innovative way CSA can be more attractive to youths. For example if Youths are taught to conserve forests in a sustsinable manner so as to practice apiculture then forests will surely be conserved. There is the need of experts now to teach the Youths on how they can harvest quality honey and create markets. Experts are also needed to show the youths on products they can make using Wax these include fancy candles, floor polish e.t.c. It is not all about quantity of products but quality so as to compete in international markets.

    • Lamu

      Youth want instant gratification at this day and age. Even for CSA, they will still want instant benefits if they so agree to engage in it. As long as that is in place then all our activities will be embraced by the youth.
      Innovative ways should include how we utilize elements like the internet, social media, interactive forums to present CSA to this age group. Even aspects like music and drama that they like; these ways should be used to make CSA attractive.
      We have to reach the level that the youth are in in order to have a common discussion.

  13. Nyasimi

    TechnoServe and The MasterCard Foundation have partnered to help rural young women and men in East Africa transition to economic independence through the Strengthening Rural Youth Development through Enterprise (STRYDE) program. Key objectives under STRYDE are:
    a) Scale the STRYDE model to reach more youth in new geographies. The bigger share of the program will be in Tanzania (15,430 participants).
    b) Strengthen the STRYDE model’s aftercare component by tailoring activities to the specific needs of different participant segments.
    c) Sustain the STRYDE model via capacitation of local partners so they are able to provide STRYDE trainings to rural youth beyond TechnoServe’s exit.
    d) Share learnings about the improvements to the STRYDE model that will benefit the broader youth ecosystem.
    For more information, please read:

  14. Nche Tala

    An innovative strategy for encouraging African youths to become more involved in CSA is to propose incentives (financial and or material) by setting specific attainable targets for youths interested in engaging in climate smart agriculture. This will encourage already engaged youths to become very much interested in broadening their scope on CSA, it will a serve as a major motivating factor for already involved youths to redouble their efforts on the ground and finally these incentives will act as a magnet for other youths that are yet to engage in CSA.

  15. Nche Tala

    A major strategy for promoting climate smart agriculture across the African continent most especially among African youths, is to first organize youths involved in CSA in each African country in to Cooperative Movements a potential example could be the Cameroon Climate Smart Agriculture Cooperative Society (CACLIMSMACS). Such a movement will aim to bring youths with the same interest in this case CSA together under a single umbrella such that these youths with a similar interest can effectively combine their efforts, their different expertise and resources in order to promote the well being of all members. Here profits will be shared in proportion to each farmer’s activities. This has the advantage of promoting competition and hard work so as to earn more profit. In addition to the above benefits, an organized Cooperative Society makes it easy for CSA farmers to market and sell their products at home and abroad, it makes it easy for international donors to identify farmers involved in CSA, it makes it easy for CSA farmers to communicate their challenges and get appropriate responses from the right quarters, it makes it easy for funding to be channeled to those actually involved in CSA and who facilitate CSA and finally it makes it easy to monitor funding. With such a structure effectively put in place, African youths already involved will receive renewed motivation while at the same time such an action will pull others to take up the initiative as a major source of income and job creation.

  16. Harry

    Pour le sujet de la semaine,en Afrique le taux de chômage des jeunes est élevé et s accroît de plus en plus avec la croissance démographique. Cela engendre des frustration car ils ont le sentiment d être abandonné. Et donc il faut les galvaniser pour un retour a la terre. Et pour y arriver , il faut leur montrer des modèle de réussite dans le domaine de l agriculture. C est la qu on intervient
    1 recenser le jeunes agriculteurs
    2 les accompagner( former, éduquer au CSA) afin qu il puisse s auto employer
    3 promouvoir l entrepreneuriat aux métier de la terre en partenariat avec les gouvernement pour une réduction des processus
    Si on atteint ses objectifs, les jeunes viendront d eux même vers l agriculteurs en mode CSA

  17. AuliaD

    Agriculture needs to attract more young people by develop technology (ICT) and increase support for agripreneur- based enterprise. Agriculture has an image problem, this fact also experienced to another region outside Africa. For the majority of the world’s youth, agriculture isn’t an attractive avenue of employment. Most of youth think of it as back-breaking labor and little chance for career advancement.
    With an aging population of farmers, it’s necessary that agriculture needs to attract more young people to be engaged and involved in this sector. This is a global challenge: most of the farmers in our country, Indonesia are elderly (40 years or older). But actually the agricultural sector offers huge potential for job creation and communicating this to youth can change their image of agriculture.
    Youth around the world are already turning to farming and the food system for careers. Agriculture for now it means more than subsistence farming. Today, young people can explore career options in post harvest system, biodynamic farming, communication technologies on agriculture, forecasting weather, marketing local product, transportation and logistics, urban agriculture projects, food preparation and storage, management of food service, agronomic and horticulture, environmental sciences, and much more.
    Increased access and new forms of agricultural enterprise mean that youth can be a agent for innovation in family farming, increasing incomes and well-being for both farmers and local communities. Young people can develop the agricultural sector by applying new technologies and new innovation.

    • Nche Tala

      I believe personally that the greatest challenge for African youths as regards climate smart agriculture is access to financial capital. Therefore there is need to search for innovative strategies of financing CSA that will equally serve as an encouragement for youth involvement.

  18. Cathy

    What about decision-making? To what extent are youth considered in the decision-making process? Also are they empowered enough to make their voices heard? CCAFS has just released a working paper which seeks to address this question. Titled ‘Youth Decision Making in Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change: An Analysis in East Africa’ the report is available via

    • Nche Tala

      Indeed there exist strategic measures that can be put in place to encourage youth involvement in Climate Smart Agriculture in the continent of Africa. One such method is first encouraging the setting up of Agric (Agricultural) Banks in each African country. This is because Agricultural Banks provide specific loans (agricultural loans) targeting the agricultural sector. The facilitation and setting up of such structures will not just mark a new dawn for ‘ordinary’ agriculture but most importantly it will mark a turning point in CSA and in its financing in the continent especially amongst youths who often find it hard to access funding for CSA. In line with setting up Agric Banks, an additional strategy could be the subsidization of CSA loans in such banks by international agencies that are engaged in the promotion and financing of CSA in Africa particularly among African youths. Subsidizing loans on CSA basically entails youths in the sector can access loans on very low interest rates. This strategy reduces investment risks for youths and enables them to invest in CSA on a large scale. Ultimately, innovative measures like this not only facilitate involvement in CSA but equally market it and project it as profitable and job creating.

  19. oscar

    Au sujet de l’innovation a apporter afin de pousser les jeunes dans les pratiques CSA,je pense que le problème crucial reste l’accès à l’information vu que les jeunes en milieu rural sont sous informé sur les méthodes plus les politiques doivent faire des efforts dans le sens du désenclavement des communes pour que les jeunes qui pratique déjà l’agriculture parviennent à écoulés les produit. donc globalement les politiques doivent développé les stratégies d’information, de financement, et de désenclavement des zones rurales pour permettre aux de trouver leur compte dans la pratique CSA

  20. Never

    African youth constitute the bulk of the population. With agriculture and the mainstay economic activity, the youth in agriculture need to embrace CSA principles seriously. Thus, agriculture will become both climate resilient and highly productive.

  21. ntiokamd

    Dear All,

    Happy New Month !

    On behalf of organising partners, I wish to extend our deep appreciation for contributing to the Week 2 questions.

    Looking forward to reading your contributions to the the following Week 3 question:

    What is the role of female youth farmers in scaling-up uptake and adoption of CSA technologies and practices?

    • csaynethiopia

      Thank you Divine. Before going into the third week question, I would like to include this point on the previous discussion. Most young people have very limited conception of agriculture mostly limited to farm field and its end products. So we need to ask how well do young people understand the various value chains involved in different agricultural practices and how well are they able to align themselves with them? Whether it is agro processing or fertilizer input, organic manufacturing or even product branding there are a number of entry points young people can consider within the sector. Therefore the information dissemination and capacity building of young farmer on CSA shall also focus these value chains.

    • George Wambua

      First, before commenting on week three’s question its worth commendable on the direction this platform is taking in regards to youth contribution on sustainable development through agriculture.
      Secondly, am really happy on this week question since it highlights my point of interest: women empowerment through agriculture.
      Having worked on various projects targeting and involving women I believe there is need to fully involve them not only administratively but also in policy making. Various cultures have made it impossible for the women to help in scaling-up in the sector citing agriculture as a male-dominant sector . This kind of stereotypes can be eliminated by conducting collective trainings and introduce women fundings to the most vulnerable societies. Consider engaging men also to help them to avoid unhealthy division

    • Amanda

      First and foremost, the role of the female in agriculture is very pivotal.
      In the Agricultural labour force, women account for up to 80% of the total produce.
      This goes without saying that in order to increase the uptake and adoption of CSA, women are the core drivers of the movement.

    • Lamu

      Despite the cultural challenges that female youth might face in general agricultural practices, they are indeed critical in the success of CSA.
      In Africa, we have seen an increase in the support of the girl child and this has ensured that many more female are getting a great foundation of education from a young age.
      Once they get to their youth, they have banked incredible knowledge that is of great use and can be utilized in CSA.

  22. alexandre Duffi

    Before I speak, I would like to recall that the Ivorian economy, as is the case in the majority of African countries, is fundamentally based on agricultural activity.
    Agriculture occupies 65.8% of the working population, 67% of the female labor force works in subsistence agriculture. 60 to 80 percent of food production is provided by women.
    According to UNESCO’s report on women’s participation in public life (2002 version), women account for 60-70% of the workforce in the primary sector (agriculture, livestock). However, they generally do not benefit from the fruits of their labor (production, transport, distribution).
    Thus, informal and traditional sectors are the areas of choice for women.
    Women are heavily involved in the agricultural sector. ICT is seen as the transition to improve the conditions of women farmers and the challenge of resilient agriculture to the effects of climate change. Initiating women farmers to ICT could surely help them to optimize their output and increase their income. Governments and development partners should agree to finance projects of this kind. We would like to welcome all the initiatives undertaken by my FAO to improve the daily lives of these women who work tirelessly for the welfare of their community.

    • Nche Tala

      I appreciate very much the analogy of Alexander Duffi and believe the statistics he has provided on female participation in agriculture in Ivory Coast, is indeed reflective for the rest of the African continent. Also in line with George Wambua’s review of cultural perception of female involvement in agriculture in some communities, I can only but agree that such views are stereotypical and hold back food security in such communities and the entire continent of a Africa at a time of increasing demand for calories, heightened drought conditions especially around the horn of Africa (East Africa) and parts of West and Central Africa. Also the idea that the agricultural sector is dominated by the male folk particularly in Africa is a charade. This is because women contribution to the labor force in Africa agriculture is regularly quoted in-between 60% – 80%. Therefore, women perform the bulk of agriculture in Africa.

    • Nche Tala

      I will like to apologise to the fellow members of this discussion panel and to the program coordinator for my late intervention which is due to some pressing reasons. however it is very important that i offer sugestions and contributions in the development of african youth no matter how late i might be. Thank you

  23. abu8276

    Women play a critical role in uptake of technologies in Case whereby use of gender transformation approach is crucial in that they change the rigid gender roles and relations. CSA and gender application provide more empirical guidance in deciding how the women should be considered together in designing projects, programs and policies. With these youth female are considerably likely to adopt smart technologies and practises like the male counterparts. Adoption of technologies by youth female would be definitely enhanced through creation of awareness, knowledge and access of information. Adopting technologies such as use of fertilisers, rain water harvesting, tree planting and access to financial services.

  24. Nyasimi

    African Youths need more enter Entrepreneurship support for CSA innovations to create employment in Agriculture and related sectors. For example, Alibaba founder Jack Ma, while attending a meeting in Kigali, Rwanda announced launch of a $10 million African Young Entrepreneurs Fund. Jack Ma will work with UNCTAD to explore opportunities with African businesses to participate in global trade, as well as to raise awareness of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Read more at:

    • Nche Tala

      An interesting thing for us to note before diving in to what strategies can be put in place for scaling up and adopting CSA technologies among female youths/youths particularly in Africa is that, there has been a noticeable drop in interest among African youths in agriculture as a whole since the dawn of the 21st century. More youths are migrating in to the big towns and cities from rural areas owing to the fact that youths today regard agriculture as dirty, stressful and a job meant solely for the poor and members of the older generation (the above 50s). The interest among African female youths and youths in general today lies on white collar jobs (bankers, public administrators etc). Haven highlighted this problematic, the question posed by the program coordinator Mr. Ntiokam becomes even more pertinent: what is the role of female youth farmers in scaling up uptake and adoption of CSA technologies and practices?

      I am of the opinion that the passion of African female youths in android technologies (new technology) coupled with the legacy of long existing interest in other old but not obsolete technologies (radio etc) can be used to counter the rising phobia for agriculture (promoting uptake of CSA) and also encourage the adoption of CSA technologies and practices. The radio which is actually an old technology can be used together with mobiles phones by African youths to scale up uptake by promoting participatory radio programs that offer educative information on CSA and encourages the female youths to participate interactively, sharing ideas and various needs necessary to facilitate take up and practice of CSA. This technologies, radio and phones working in synergy, will thus encourage youths to see CSA as economically viable and not as an issue purely for the older generation. Participatory radio programs which encourages African female youths and youths in general to phone in and interviews are conducted, post tweets, and or through whatapp share and engage in interactive discussions on varied subjects on CSA as inspired by the radio program, provides a window for technological innovators who could come even from the female folk to see the challenges faced by the African female youths in CSA. Such as access to weather information in this present age of climate change, markets and prices, agricultural techniques, disease prone and disease resistant varieties amongst other challenges whose mitigation are indeed vital to ensure Productivity, Adaptation and Mitigation (the 3 pillars of CSA). This window in to the challenges faced by African female youths involved in CSA will thus help in the design of new applications (Apps), and other innovative technologies conditioned to satisfy the demands of the African female youths/youths engaged in CSA. Basically, this strategy helps in promoting DEMAND DRIVEN INNOVATION. That is a look in to the activities of African female youths/youths in CSA, knowing what challenges they face, what they need and developing innovative technologies to satisfy these demands. Such technologies will reduce the risks involved in CSA, bring about the adoption of best climate smart agriculture practices that will culminate in the enhancement of farmers resilience as well as farmland resilience to the adverse effects of climate change.

  25. ntiokamd

    Dear Esteemed Colleagues,

    We are indeed grateful for your meaningful contributions to the on going discussion.

    Find below questions for Week 4:

    How do agricultural extension services assist in encouraging youth to adopt CSA? Do they have an impact?

  26. oscar

    En Afrique, les petits agriculteurs fournissent l’essentiel de l’offre alimentaire. Les services de vulgarisation étant orientés vers le transfert de technologie, les conseils pratiques, l’éducation à travers les échanges et les écoles facilitent profondément le processus enseignement-apprentissage entre les agriculteurs de toute les couches sociale en milieu rural,principalement formé de femmes et de jeunes.
    De nos jours,ces services qui ont une attention particulière pour une amélioration des conditions de vie en milieu rural ont un impact remarquable au niveau des récoltes agricole et piscicole des denrées alimentaire et aussi une concurrence visible sur les marchés urbains et le marché agroalimentaire mondiale

  27. AuliaD

    How do agricultural extension services assist in encouraging youth to adopt CSA? Do they have an impact?
    Maybe it’ll be good idea to engage a huge amount participation of youth on CSA best practices. In some develop countries, mostly youth interested with other things outside from Agricultural sector. Yes, some of them think that this field isn’t cool enough to be involved. But for me, by doing CSA on agricultural sector will incease the interest point from youth. Because of the process and the exepected result are evidence -based. So, if we seek opportunity to do field work on agriculture and complete it with scientific foresight it’ll be plus point on you as youth. We really hope the agricultural extension services will give positive impact and able to speard the beneficial to people in public.

  28. PMN

    I wish to express my sincere gratitude to the online discussions organizers for the meaningful inputs we can really put to practice to engage youth in accelerating agricultural transformation and Africa development. Back to the current question, the agriculture extension services have potential to drive youth from being town vendors searching for un-found jobs and employments to rural areas to engage in climate smart agriculture. Taking examples from Tanzania, in my organization, we are designing a commodity value chain model for orange fleshed sweet potato production the crop which needs a small plot of land and we need recruit more youth and train them as extension officers even though they have no such academic background. These youth will be become extension officers to promote good agronomic practices for rural women and other youth to engage in agriculture. Alternatively is the use of improved mobile app equipped with ICT information on extension services for some crops. This digital population (the youth) need digital agriculture and digital extension services. From this angle, we are able to encourage youth engage in agriculture either directly or indirectly. Thank you.

  29. Donatien GUEABLE

    The development of smart agriculture can not be done without youth. We, the young people, complain that we do not have jobs, but we master the new technologies and we are in countries where the land is suitable for agriculture. Put yourself forward to revolutionize this new form of agriculture, an agriculture where everything is digitized. An agriculture where nothing can be done and nothing can be decided without us, young people, will be the beginning of a new era. An era where young people will not spend their time complaining, but will be the creators of several jobs in the agricultural world. we employ ourselves.
    However, we call for strong involvement of our government authorities and national and international institutions in order to succeed in this challenge.
    Thank you

  30. Lamu

    On Agricultural Extension Services assisting in encouraging the youth to adapt CSA. And do they have any impact?

    I would beginning my pointers by answering the question on whether Agricultural Extension Services have an impact to the youth.
    Most definitely they do.
    The learnings that the youth are set to acquire from these services are invaluable. And from these learnings the youth are able to increase their productivity in the agricultural activities they engage in.

    The question that comes to mind however is whether the youth are able to access these services?
    Are the owners of these extension services able to partner with youth networks like CSAYN to then ensure that the youth are accessing these services?
    No single organization is able to handle this affair by themselves so the right partnerships, at the right time and at the right places is very critical.

    The youth also have to be engaged through different effective ways from how other groups of people are engaged.
    We know that the youth want instant gratification from everything they do so how do we disseminate information from research platforms to them in ways that they will grasp and implement the same in their agricultural practices?

    Most important thing is to implement methods that are palatable to the youth while transferring the knowledge to them. Furthermore, we do not want to lose them in the process and discourage those who are interested in the agricultural sector.


  31. Lamu

    Through the agricultural extension services, the youth are able to acquire advise, knowhow and information that is relevant to how they can be effective in their agricultural activities.
    Whatever challenges that are unique to the youth are then discussed at that very level and solutions that are unique to them are provided.
    We cannot give the youth information and advise that does not pertain to them and expect for that to assist them in any way.

    Even the extent as to how the youth are approached; who deals with them when disseminating this information and transferring the skills? It is someone that the youth will be free to interact with? Someone who understands the “language” that they speak and “comes to their level”.

    These considerations are needed to ensure that encounters with the youth are meaningful and yield results.


  32. Omotola Dorcas

    Yes, Agricultural extension encourages CSA adoption by communicating up to date strategies and technologies relevant to specific geographic areas. As much as this is true, the extension services are not efficient in Nigeria because the ratio of farmers to Extension agents is 897:1. There is a need to beef up the Extension services which Nigerian Government are responding to by recruiting youths Extensionists .

    ICT tools must be employ in disseminating Extension services to attract youths to adopt CSA because it is real time and more convenient. This is essential because knowledge is the missing gap between Youths and CSA.

  33. CSAYNZ

    In the recent part, there has been a significant impact of climate smart agriculture but we need to developed our own sets of policies and measures that will unable us cope with this fast change that is taking place especially in the rural areas. At the same time, this proposes to develop effective policies and innovative institutions to scale up the concept of climate smart agriculture must start at regional level so that we are able to see concrete impact and develop sustainably.

  34. oscar

    Rôle of femelle youth…
    De nos jours dans les pays africain, les jeunes femmes à travers l’égalité du genre innove dans l’agriculture et contribuent profondément à l’atteinte des ODD.
    La créativité des jeunes femmes, leur enthousiasme, et leur énergie est précieuse pour la recherche des solutions innovantes pour l’agriculture et l’agribusiness au coeur de l’élaboration des mesures d’atténuation du changement climatique. donc globalement, les jeunes femmes ont un apport substantiel dans la créativité, la mains d’œuvre et la la recherche des solutions d’atténuation du changement climatique à travers la mise en pratique de CSA

  35. abu8276

    Most definitely the extension services from the agriculture officers would lure the youths. The extension services give a touch to the youths, services come close to the youths. It gives life to the people doing agriculture in that they have confidence in agriculture they can seek crucial information concerning CSA . They would be able to do it without worrying. Extension services provide communication,dissemination of knowledge, technology, policies and market to the youths. This will go hand in hand with adoption with CSA with the youths. Therfore agriculture extension services provide an opportunity to the youths to take up CSA.

  36. Amanda

    Agricultural extension services are the best way to inculcate CSA in my opinion. Through extension services; the information, skills and tips on CSA will be passed on to the agripreneur.
    The youth play a critical part in this as they are the most populous in the continent. Once the youth are in on the CSA bandwagon then we can rest assured that the current and future generations of agripreneurs shall be more CSA adept!

  37. alexandre Duffi

    Les services de vulgarisation agricole occupent une place importante dans la politique d’engagement des jeunes pour la CSA. En effet le coaching, les conseils, la consultance et l’intégration des TIC dans l’agriculture sont quelques moyens par lesquels les services de vulgarisation agricole motivent les jeunes à s’engager dans l’agriculture. Toute fois peu nombreux sont les jeunes dans le secteur agricole qui bénéficient de ces services. Ainsi, pour avoir un meilleur impact de ces services de vulgarisation agricole pour la CSA, nous proposons une série de sensibilisation et d’initiation au nouvelles technologies agricoles à l’endroit de ces jeunes qui jusqu’ici sont restés en marge de cette révolution. Promouvoir la CSA au près des jeunes et des populations les plus réculées et les plus vulnérables contribura considérablement à avoir un meilleur impact.

  38. ntiokamd

    Hello Colleagues,

    As we move closer to the AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION WEEK (AEW) , all your
    contributions shall be taken into deep consideration and will
    definitely launch the outcomes of these discussions at the upcoming

    We are indeed grateful, to all those who have dedicated their lives to
    pushing the CSA agenda with youth for youth, with a mandate of a transformative process
    enhancing more innovative ways of improving livelihoods.

    To sum up , have below the question for Week 5, which is of course, the
    final discussion point for this activity to address solutions systems
    in CSA:

    What are the most appropriate tools or approaches for youth to
    monitor CSA practices?

    • Lamu

      For the youth to thrive in CSA practices, we have to monitor our interventions to ensure that they are impactful.
      We don’t need to reinvent the wheel rather we can adopt approaches and tools that have been developed, tried and tested by the larger CSA community.
      Furthermore, the youth are practicing CSA in a vacuum but rather within an ecosystem of other groups of people; but of course with peculiarities specific to us as the youth.

      CCAFS in collaboration with USAID Feed the Future (Source: has come up with indicators that the youth can adopt for successful CSA practices.

      These are:
      Readiness Indicators: Are the youth ready for CSA interventions at a given location? What capacity building is required to get them ready for the practices? What of the location that these youth intend to use for CSA practices? Is it ready, and if not, what interventions are required to make it ready?

      Process Indicators: What are the objectives that the youth lay down before any CSA project? Are these objectives being implemented as per plan? What are the key learnings noted as the project progresses? And how do the youth track this progress in each particular intervention?

      Progress/impact indicators: How are the interventions by the youth impacting on the wider objectives of climate smart agriculture? Is what we are doing impactful in the CSA ecosystem?
      It is critical that we, as youth, track the progress and impact of our practices to ensure that we are working towards the common set of goals of a more productive, resilient and lower emission food system.

  39. ntiokamd

    Hello Colleagues,

    Please contribute to the last week online discussion which we has been extended to 30 October 2017

    We shall deeply appreciate reading from you all as an outcomes of discussions at the upcoming
    event Agricultural Extension Week,

    The question for Week 5,
    (final discussion) :

    What are the most appropriate tools or approaches for youth to
    monitor CSA practices?

  40. Viktor_Josa

    Very informative discussion thread!

    Relevant departments of academic institutions should monitor regional CSA practices and provide access of information to interested students.

    Open source platforms (Wiki sites etc.) should be created by interested individuals, where such practices are stored and further developed and updated. These platforms have to be circulated in the right networks of young people. (African Youth Climate Networks, such regional networks, FB groups)

    Seek opportunity to engage with local farmers and learn about their methods and exchange information both ways.

    Capacity building through contacting CSA youth networks from developed countries (Netherlands in this regard).

  41. Amanda

    In addition to the input from Viktor,
    We could employ the use of periodic reporting tools to keep the youth abreast with CSA practices.
    Social media is also a very powerful and popular tool that can be used as well.


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