How local fruit trees contribute to food security and resilience in the Climate-Smart Village of Daga-Birame, Senegal

Posted by , posted on Monday March 27 2017(5 months ago)

At the Daga-Birame Climate-Smart Village (CSV) of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), a number of initiatives have been developed and documented under the different components of the CSV approach. Of major interest is the community’s decision to seek ways to increase the population of local fruit trees in their village. This decision was prompted after the Daga-Birame community, on a study tour in Linguère-Dahra community (a drier environment), learned that the baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit juice that they were served came from the Kaffrine region. Their decision was to also benefit from this resource available in their surroundings. Considering the available baobab trees in the community were subjected to poor management that could endanger their existence and further pose threats to the baobab fruit juice business, the village community with the support of the Senegalese Agricultural Research Institute (ISRA) and other local partners, decided to ban cutting and excessive pruning of baobab. The vision is to replenish the village with tree cultivars suitable for the local environmental conditions and bearing desirable fruit quality traits (such as abundant pulp, taste, etc.). A demonstration trial was planned with 2 cultivars of baobab (a grafted one and a local one). This was also an opportunity to include four cultivars each of two other species: Ziziphus mauritiana (jujube) and Tamarindus indica (tamarind) which farmers identified as priority tree species of interest. The improved tree cultivars of the three species were obtained from the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF). Grafting with improved cultivars aimed to shorten the vegetative phase of these species. For instance grafted A. digitata (baobab) will fruit in five-year time while the non-grafted will take long time (more than 10 years). Similarly, grafted Z. mauritiana has fruited 6 months after planting.

 

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